An Introduction to Coal Technology by Norbert Berkowitz

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By Norbert Berkowitz

An creation to Coal Technology thoroughly describes coal expertise examine and improvement. Coal is a crucial basic gasoline through the global and learn has unfold from coal liquefaction and gasification to applied sciences for constructing fresh coal. The ebook is split into components. half I specializes in the formation and basic homes of coal. half II addresses fresh advancements and demanding technical techniques reminiscent of the education and combustion suggestions of unpolluted coal, environmental administration of coal, and quick pyrolysis. This moment variation builds upon and updates the profitable remedy awarded in Dr. Berkowitzs esteemed 1979 publication.

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2 Compositions H. Winter, Glückauf 6A, 653(1928). W. Francis, "Coal," p. 50, 104. Arnold, London, 1961. R. Potonié, Z. Dtsch. Geol. Ges. 78, 357 (1926). A. Duparque, Rev. Ind. Miner. 6, 493 (1926). H. G. A. Hickling, Proc. S. Wales Inst. Eng. 46 (6), 911 (1931). -Th.

2 Exinite Vitrinite Inertinite Coal no. 3 Exinite Vitrinite Inertinite Coal no. 57 a After Teichmüller [53]. Ash on dry coal basis; all other parameters on dry, ash-free basis. Original data rounded off to first decimal places, but H/C calculated (by author) from analytical data as reported. b morphic development. But in this connection it must be emphasized that while the band outlined in Fig. 3 defines the basic elemental compositions of most coals, it does not by any means encompass all. , below ~85% carbon, many coals lie above or below the band, depending on whether they contain particularly high proportions of hydrogen-rich exinites or hydrogenpoor inertinites (Note E).

E. In some instances, hydrogen deficiencies that place a coal below the band shown in Fig. 1). F. For details of the Münsterland-1 borehole, see M. and R. Teichmüller [62]. This article also offers an excellent discussion of the interplay of time and temperature in coalification processes. G. This is a particularly important matter in combustion systems and in processes in which the equipment demands certain ash fusion characteristics. 3. H. Repeatability refers to measurements by the same analyst, working with the same apparatus, while reproducibility refers to results obtained by different analysts from tests in different equipment.

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