America Enters the Industrial Revolution by Susan Hamen

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By Susan Hamen

As new medical discoveries resulted in better expertise, the United States swiftly grew to become a contemporary, industrialized country. discover why half all commercial employees in this time have been young children ten years previous and more youthful who did not attend tuition. How did this transformation? via maps, charts, and timelines scholars will notice how greatly lifestyles has replaced because the early 1800s. This name will enable scholars to quote textual proof to help research of what the textual content says explicitly in addition to inferences drawn from the textual content.

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S. cotton spinning mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. S. Industrial Revolution. Morse, Samuel (1791–1872) - Samuel Morse invented the telegraph. C. Morse and his partners built a national telegraph network. He is also credited with Morse code, the system of dots and dashes used to send telegraphic messages. 42 McCormick, Cyrus (1809–1884) - Cyrus McCormick invented a horse-drawn reaping machine. His reaper could cut more than 10 acres (4 hectares) of grain per day. This revolutionized harvesting in the United States and the world.

Html Show What You Know 1. How did the textile industry change with the Industrial Revolution? 2. How did farming change with the Industrial Revolution? 3. What role did the steam engine play in the Industrial Revolution? 4. How did the railroad change America? 5. Why did workers form labor unions? 46 Glossary apprentice (uh-PREN-tiss): someone who is learning a skill or trade from an experienced worker assembly line (uh-SEM-blee line): arrangement in which work passes from one station or worker to the next so that products can be quickly assembled canals (kuh-NALZ): man-made waterways connecting bodies of water, such as lakes and rivers carded (KARD-id): cleaned and combed fibers, such as cotton, in preparation for spinning embargo (em-BAR-goh): a government order stopping trade with other countries export (EK-sport): to send food or goods to other countries industry (IN-duh-stree): the manufacturing, or making, of a particular item labor unions (LAY-bur YOON-yuhns): organizations of workers that fight for fair wages, benefits, and safe working conditions machinery (muh-SHEE-nuh-ree): devices that perform tasks mass-produced (MASS pruh-DOOSD): produced in large numbers by machinery monopoly (muh-NOP-uh-lee): an industry that is controlled by one person or company strike (STRIKE): to refuse to work until certain demands are met textile (TEK-stile): cloth, especially a woven cloth waterwheel (WAW-tur-weel): a large wheel turned by running water that produces power 47 Index assembly line 39 automobile(s) 9, 38, 39 Bell, Alexander Graham 28, 29 Bessemer, Henry 18 canal(s) 15, 18 Carnegie, Andrew 34, 35 cotton 7, 8, 12, 13, 15, 20, 23 Edison, Thomas 31 electricity 31 factories 8, 14, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27, 32, 33, 37 flying shuttle 13, 14 Ford, Henry 38, 39 Hargreaves, James 14 immigrant(s) 19, 22, 23, 25, 26, 33, 40 Kay, John 13 lightbulb 9, 31 Lowell, Francis Cabot 20 McCormick, Cyrus 32, 33 mill(s) 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 35 monopoly 33 Morse, Samuel 27, 28 Newcomen, Thomas 17 pollution 37, 40, 41 population 25, 31 railroad(s) 9, 10, 25, 26, 27, 33, 34 reaper 32, 33 Rockefeller, John D.

2. Describe how the telegraph and telephone changed America. 3. Who helped to build the railroad? 4. Why did workers go on strike? 5. How was farming impacted by the Industrial Revolution? Extension Activity After reading this book and learning about the Industrial Revolution, imagine yourself as a reporter in that time period. Write a newspaper column about one of the major inventions or events. As new scientific discoveries led to improved technology, America rapidly became a modern, industrialized nation.

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