By Basant K. Kapur, Kim-Chong Chong
Altruistic Reveries is a distinct quantity, which arises out of an Interdisciplinary convention on views on Altruism from the arts and Social Sciences equipped via the Centre for complex experiences, college of Arts and Social Sciences, nationwide college of Singapore, in October 1999. Altruism is a deep, multi-faceted phenomenon, of serious curiosity and relevance to students around the whole variety of disciplines within the Humanities and Social Sciences. The Centre for this reason introduced jointly specialists in various disciplines - Philosophy, Literature, Psychology, Sociology, Economics, and Political technological know-how - to check and speak about the importance and position of altruism from their respective views. a complete of 10 papers in all have been offered, and the amount is done through an advent by way of the editors, and a last Concluding bankruptcy through one of many editors.
one of the concerns mentioned are: the efficacy of motivational altruism within the solution of public matters; the genetic origins of altruism and its attendant hazards; the metaphysical foundation of altruism; empathy and altruism; altruism or social alternate; altruism in wartime; and the welfare country. A outstanding function of the amount is that a number of the authors haven't `talked prior' each other. even if each one is a consultant in his box, the papers are obtainable to these in different fields, and to non-specialists. either separately and jointly, they supply a wealthy set of insights and views on altruism as a basic human and social phenomenon, in an effort to edify, curiosity, and stimulate all readers of the volume.
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Extra info for Altruistic Reveries: Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences
Luman Values (University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1995). 4. Rawls,J. , A Theory ofJustice (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1971). 5. , " Rational Fools: A Critique of the Behavioural Foundations of Economic Theory" , in Jane J. ) Beyond Self-Interest (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1990). 6 . ) Equal Freedom: Selected Tanner Lectures on Human Values (University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1995). Chapter 3 Mencius And The Possibility of Altruism In Early Chinese Philosophy KIM-CHONG CHONG 1.
To make a proper judgment, we need to determine specific factors such as how important it was that Shun remained as emperor, what the social and political circumstances were, and whether there were any able successors, etc. But it is interesting that Mencius put Shun's attitude toward his emperorship in terms that a Yangist would appreciate. " This reminds us of the attitude of the King Tan-fu who was described earlier in the discussion on Yangism. King Tan-fu had no qualms about giving up his state to the invaders from Ti.
However, it is worth noting that the implication of "slight contempt" is a recent acquisition. D. itself tells us that the term "pity" was not fully differentiated from the term "piety" until the late 1600s. 6 I have elsewhere given my own defense of pity.? For the purpose of this paper, it suffices to point out that there are clearly cases of pity which are totally free from "nuances of condescension and superiority," cases in which pity is craved for rather than rejected as offensive. There is such a thing as "good pity," the kind for which Lear cries out in King Lear and Oedipus begs in Oedipus at C%nus,8 the same kind of pity shown by the Virgin Mary toward the suffering Christ as depicted by Michelangelo's Pieta.