Advances in Geosciences Volume 1: Solid Earth (SE) by Wing-huen Ip

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By Wing-huen Ip

"Advances in Geosciences" is the results of a concerted attempt in bringing the most recent effects and making plans actions with regards to earth and area technology in Asia and the foreign area. the quantity editors are all major scientists of their learn fields masking 5 sections: strong Earth (SE), sunlight Terrestrial (ST), Planetary technological know-how (PS), Hydrological technology (HS), and Oceans and Atmospheres (OA). the most objective is to focus on the medical matters necessary to the examine of earthquakes, tsunamis, weather switch, drought, flood, typhoons, area weathers, and planetary exploration.

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The normalized averaged STFs of the 2004 Sumatra event obtained by stacking all the STFs of the sub-faults. The rupture duration time is about 450 s as 20% noiselevel is considered. The entire process may be divided into three sub-events: the first is E1, the second, E2, and the third, E3. (marked with E2) occurred in from the 150th second to 260th second, just between T1 and T2 in Fig. 3. The third stage, the third sub-event (marked with E3) occurred from the 260th second to the end, after T2 in Fig.

Each rectangle represents the fault plane with 3,000 km in length and 400 km in width, as shown in the upper panel. Different rectangle represents the fault plane at different time. The time interval between the two neighboring snapshots is 10 s. The figures on the right side are the rupture velocities estimated from the rupture fronts. It may be seen that in different time periods rupture propagates in different rupture velocities. 5 km/s; in the fourth 10 s, the velocity is almost equal to zero again; and then the slip started healing at a speed of 10 km/s (negative sign in rupture velocity represents slip-healing).

Res. Lett. 30 (2003) 1402. May 18, 2006 13:55 WSPC/SPI-B368 Advances in Geosciences Vol. 1 16 ch02 K. Nawa et al. 3. Y. Okada, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 75 (1985) 1135. 4. K. Satake, International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology 81A (2002) 437. 5. K. , Presented at Dynamic Planet 2005, session GP03, August 22–26 (Cairns, Australia, 2005). 6. T. Sato and H. Hanada, Publ. Int. Latitu. Mizusawa 18 (1984) 63. 7. J. , Science 308 (2005) 1139. 8. S. , Geophys. Res. Lett. 32 (2005) L13304.

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