A vigorous spirit of enterprise : merchants and economic by Thomas M. Doerflinger

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By Thomas M. Doerflinger

A social, monetary, and political examine of Philadelphia retailers, this examine offers either the spirit and facts of service provider existence. Doerflinger reports the Philadelphia service provider neighborhood from 3 views: their advertisement international, their disagreement with the Revolution and its aftermath, and their function in diversifying the neighborhood economic system. The research of entrepreneurship dominates the examine and demanding situations long-standing assumptions approximately American financial history.

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Fuller to John Scott, Dec. , Benjamin Fuller Letterbook, 1761-1781, Benjamin Fuller Papers, 1762-1799, HSP; Pollard to Bowers, Dec. 2i, 1772, Oct. 28, 1773, Pollard to John Woolman, Dec. 28, 1772, Pollard Letterbook, 1772—1774, 129, 287, 139; Charles Wharton Daybook, 1768—1772, Wharton Papers, HSP; Robert Henderson Daybook, 1790-1791, Robert Henderson Receipt Book, 1781-1791, Robert Henderson Papers, HSP. 24. Eric Foner, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America (New York, 1976), 28. 38 Character of the Merchant Community TABLE i.

These luxuries were less commonly part of the property of ordinary merchants, the fifth or so of the traders who did not even own a private home, but instead lived in a boardinghouse or the home of a parent. 2.. Pollard to Charles Startin, Sept. z, 1771, Pollard Letterbook, i77z-iy74, 73. Pollard to Nicholson, Jan. 13, 1793, John Nicholson Papers, PMHC. Z3. On ownership of various types of property, see Appendix, tables A-i4-A-i8. On the living expenses of wealthy merchants, which tended to be at least £600 per year, see William West Ledger, 68, 94, iZ3, William West Account Books; Joshua Fisher and Sons Ledger, 1769-1773, 105, 166, zo3, HSP; Fitzsimonsjournal, 91-151; Levi Hollingsworth Journal F, 1781—i78z, 390, Hollingsworth Papers, HSP.

It should be noted that the cost of housing rose considerably during the second half of the i8th century. The value of household furniture is based on probate records; the top Z3 of a group of 85 merchants had furniture worth £501 or more, and this figure is confirmed by manuscript evidence. See, for example, Henry Drinker Journal, 1776—1791, z; Wastebook of John Reynell Estate, 1784-1791, i, Coates and Reynell Collection, HSP; Girard Journal, 1788-1790, entries for Dec. , Reel 44. On carriage prices, see Oaks, "Big Wheels," PMHB, XCV (1971), 355, 356.

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