A Once Charitable Enterprise: Hospitals and Health Care in by David Rosner

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By David Rosner

This publication examines the adjustments in sanatorium care in big apple that happened round the flip of the 20 th century. It represents a primary departure from conventional scientific historical past, which has often emphasized 'progress' via technological know-how and know-how. Professor Rosner identifies the industrial, political and demographic pressures that caused a reshaping of the health and wellbeing care method, and analyses the dramatic reorganisation of hospitals that happened. He additionally discusses significant medical advances comparable to the invention of anaesthetic homes of ether, nitrous oxide and chloroform, and the resultant raise in surgical options to scientific difficulties.

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Extra info for A Once Charitable Enterprise: Hospitals and Health Care in Brooklyn and New York 1885-1915 (Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Modern History)

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With the population and business rapidly increasing in this section of the city/ 7 observed one hospital trustee, "the demands made upon our hospital will be proportionately enlarged and . . the hospital will be taxed to its utmost/' 43 As new immigrants arrived, Norwegian, Jewish, Lutheran, German, and other community leaders planned for the creation of new services. The expansion in manufacturing also caused a large increase in workrelated injuries. 44 In 1891 the ambulance of the Methodist Hospital brought in nearly a thousand laborers from the surrounding area of the city, where there was a great deal of construction going on.

6 20,239 29,796 44,022 66,361 74,538 86,950 123,385 1,131 1,240 2,279 2,174 2,574 2,844 Source: Brooklyn Hospital, Annual Reports, 1910, 1915, p. 12. 78 25,978 33,431 36,429 45,796 45,117 45,552 44,316 Embattled benefactors 45 Table 4. Total expenditures of thirty-five Manhattan hospitals for the year ending September 30, 1896 Expenditures (in thousands of dollars) Number of hospitals 0-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 81-90 91-100 101+ 4 7 11 2 2 0 2 1 1 2 3 Source: Statement of Expenditures, Resources and Work of the Hospitals Connected with the Saturday and Sunday Association of New York City, 1896, in New York Hospital Archives, Papers, 1897, folder: 1897, fiscal-finance committee.

Park Place and Classon Avenue . . 57 Rather than welcoming changes in the city, private community doctors often found the physical reorganization of the city threatening to their practices. In 1910 a group of doctors protested the planned destruction of their homes and offices in the downtown section of the city. Two blocks on Schermerhorn Street were to be razed in order to make room for a new courthouse and plaza. The thirty physicians who practiced there protested to the Kings County Medical Society that not only would their homes be destroyed by the demolition, but their very livelihoods would be threatened as well.

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