By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark book that during the intervening years has no longer been exceeded in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sphere. With the 2011 posthumous ebook of Richard M. Hogg’s Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this whole work.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English reviews and in linguistic theory
- Takes complete benefit of the Dictionary of Old English venture at Toronto, and contains complete cross-references to the DOE data
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative idea and comparable topics
- Provides fabric an important for destiny examine either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in old sociolinguistics
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Additional info for A Grammar of Old English
25 Daunt (1939, 1952) argues that the second element of the digraphs1 was a diacritic indicating that the following consonant was phonemically [back]. A similar view is taken by Mossé (1945: §12). Hence weorpan ‘throw’ = /we pan/, liomu ‘limbs’ = /liÛu/, etc. But this applies only to the ‘short’ digraphs, and Daunt accepts that the ‘long’ digraphs represented true diphthongs, even in otherwise identical environments. Further, Daunt (1952: 49) emphasizes that there was probably a glide between the front vowel and the following consonant, but claims that the resulting diphthong was no more than a conditioned allophone of the relevant monophthong.
49 The voiceless dental stop was represented by 〈t〉,1 and this is normally transcribed as /t/. Examples of /t/ are: td/ ‘tooth’, metan ‘measure’, 8eat ‘gate’. ’. 59n1. 50 The voiceless velar stop was represented by both 〈c〉 and 〈k〉. 65. Despite the fact that 〈k〉 would be unambiguous, it is much less frequently used, and is only very commonly found before y, for example, kyning ‘king’ alongside cyning. 1 Since the primary allophone of this consonant was undoubtedly velar rather than palatal, the usual transcription is /k/.
57 The OE fricatives show a three-way contrast in point of articulation, namely labial, dental, and velar. 60, 75–6 for discussion. M. Anderson (1988b) for a fuller discussion of the phonological status of [voice] with respect to fricatives. 54–8. 54, the fricative represented by 〈f〉 must have been labiodental [v] rather than bilabial [b]. 2 Examples of /f/ are: fæder ‘father’, drcfan ‘drive’, hrdf ‘roof’. When bilabial [b] split from /b/ and merged with [v] as an allophone of /f/, 〈f〉 is also introduced as the spelling of the original bilabial.